April 18, 2012

Some facts about " GOOGLE"


In 1997 Google's prototype was named "Backrub".
The name 'Google' was an accident. A spelling mistake made by the original founders who thought they were going for 'Googol'.
Google is a mathematical term 1 followed by one hundred zeroes. The term was called by Milton Sirotta, nephew of American mathematician Edward Kasne.
Google.com - The Domain was registered on 15th september 1997.`
Google started off its first operations in a rented garage.
The first ever review of the Google search engine was done by Danny Sullivan of Search Engine watch on August 4, 1998.
Larry and Sergey needed large amount of disk space to test their Page rank also, but the largest hard disk available at the time were only 4 GB. So they assembled 10 of these drivers together , while he was an Undergrad at Michigan University, Larry had built a Programmable plotter out of LEGO, so its only natural that he used the colourful bricks to create Google's first Computer storage.

The prime reason the Google home page is so bare is due to the fact that the founders didn’t know HTML and just wanted a quick interface. In fact it was noted that the submit button was a long time coming and hitting the RETURN key was the only way to burst Google into life.
Sun Microsystem co-founder Andy Bechtolsheim knew a good thing when he saw it. After talking to Larry and Sergey about Google for 30 minutes, he whipped out his checkbook and wrote a check for $100,000, made out to "Google, Inc." Problem was, Google, Inc. hasn't existed yet!Oh, by the way, the Sun in Sun Microsystem stands for "Stanford University Network."
Due to the sparseness of the homepage, in early user tests they noted people just sitting looking at the screen. After a minute of nothingness, the tester intervened and asked ‘Whats up?’ to which they replied “We are waiting for the rest of it”. To solve that particular problem the Google Copyright message was inserted to act as a crude end of page marker.

One of the biggest leap in search usage came about when Google introduced their much improved spell checker giving birth to the “Did you mean…” feature. This instantly doubled their traffic, but they had some interesting discussions on how best to place that information, as most people simply tuned that out. But they discovered the placement at the bottom of the results was the most effective area.
The infamous “I feel lucky” is nearly never used. However, in trials it was found that removing it would somehow reduce the Google experience. Users wanted it kept. It was a comfort button. I’m Feeling Lucky Costs Google $110 Million a Year.

Gmail was used internally for nearly 2years prior to launch to the public. They discovered there was approximately 6 types of email users, and Gmail has been designed to accommodate these 6.
Google publishes variety of logos commemorating holidays and events. The first one on the books being a self-made “Burning Man” logo by the founders themselves.
Google’s first chef Charlie Ayers, ( hired in 1999 ) quit Google and opened his own restaurant in 2005.
Employees are encouraged to use 20% of their time working on their own projects. Google News, Orkut are both examples of projects that grew from this working model.
Orkut is very popular in Brazil. Orkut was the brainchild of a very intelligent Google engineer who was pretty much given free reign to run with it, without having to go through the normal Google UI procedures, hence the reason it doesn’t look or feel like a Google application. They are looking at improving Orkut to cope with the loads it places on the system.
Google products appear in 117 type of languages, including 5 “fake” languages like Elmer Fudd and Swedish Chef. Spanish, German, French and Japanese are the most used search language besides English.

Google’s first ever April Fool’s joke went online on April 1st, 2000 and was called “MentalPlex” – Google’s ability to read your mind.
The Google logo was never centered (as it appears today). It only appeared centered in March 2001. It was aligned to the left earlier. (And there were a lot more distractions then).
Google’s first employee is Craig Silverstein. Craig is the man behind “exact search” (where you get pages containing the exact search term within quotes.)
In 1999, when Google moved to their Paolo Alto office, there were only 19 employees in the company. Today there are 0ver 24000 Googlers.
Google reckons only 10% of the world’s information is online.
It will take Google 300 years to put the entire world’s information online
According to Google, 20-25% ofborder-alt: solid red .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid red .5pt; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 5.45in;" valign="top" width="523">
Google receives daily search requests from all over the world, including Antarctica
Google believes up to 20% of the online content changes every month.
Google uses over 300 factors to rank websites which includes PageRank
According to Google, 20-25% of the search queries are unique.
In Google, thousands of computers are involved in processing a single search query.
Google uses over 200 signals for Pagerank.
A lot of Googlers work on automatic translation tools. Google has the largest network of translators in the world.
Google translates billions of HTML web pages into a display format for WAP and i-mode phones and wireless handheld devices.
Google consists of over 450,000 servers, racked up in clusters located in data centers around the world.

Windows 8 will Have 3 Version

Windows 7 came with 6 Six Version but For New Kid of Windows i.e Windows 8 will come with three Version

  • Windows 8
  • Windows 8 Pro
  • Windows RT
Windows 8
          Windows 8 is for Laptops and Home P.C, Windows 8 come with 32 bit and 64 bit Processor

Windows 8 Pro
           Windows 8 Pro is designed to help tech enthusiasts and business/technical professionals obtain a broader set of Windows 8 technologies. It includes all the features in Windows 8 plus features for encryption, virtualization,
Windows RT
           This single edition will only be available pre-installed on PCs and tablets powered by ARM processors and will help enable new thin and lightweight form factors with impressive battery life. Windows RT will include touch-optimized desktop versions of the new Microsoft Word, Excel, PowerPoint, and OneNote

source: http://satirur.blogspot.in
For more Information Check Windows Blog

Postmaster Grade-1 examination 2012 will be held on 03.06.2012


































 
Courtesy : http://postmasters-dop.blogspot.in/ 

How to avail Mobile Banking services- Useful article from TOI


A mobile phone is no longer a simple device to make calls. It's become the hub for all your activities, from e-mailing and browsing to paying bills and transferring money. Banks may have been the first to dip their feet into this technological pool, but telecom companies have begun to catch up. The RBI's step to remove the 50,000 cap that it had imposed earlier on daily mobile transactions has also provided the much-needed boost to mobile banking.


How does mobile banking work?

Mobile banking allows you to conduct financial transactions on your phone just as you would at a bank branch or through Net banking. Banks are now evolving this facility as they launch innovative products.


For instance, IndusInd Bank's cash-to-mobile service enables customers to transfer money to anybody, including those who do not have a bank account. A bank customer can download the bank's app on his phone and then put in the phone number of the person to whom he wants to send the money, along with the transaction amount. The bank will send a message to the remitter and the beneficiary along with different PINs to each. The remitter will have to message his PIN to the beneficiary, who can then use both PINs and his mobile number to withdraw cash from an IndusInd Bank ATM. The service is free but operator charges will apply. Also, the sender will need a Java-enabled handset.



Airtel Money, on the other hand, can be used on any mobile phone and you can register for it by dialling *404# or at an authorised Airtel Money retailer. There are two types of accounts. The first one is an express account , wherein you can load 10,000 and use this to pay utility bills or for booking rail/flight tickets on travel portals.



The upgraded version is called a power account, which can be loaded up to 50,000. This can be done through Net banking or an Airtel Money retailer. Citibank too has started a mobile banking service through its Citibank Cash-to-Mobile Receivables Solution and is aimed at corporate customers. It enables them to receive funds from retailers or end-customers. The advantage is that the money iht: 115%;">Banks have decided to take one step at a time. n rrently, they are not pushing hardcore ice), which reduces the cost of transaction.



What banks plan to do?

Banks have decided to take one step at a time. Currently, they are not pushing hardcore banking services, only presenting mobile banking as an enquiry tool to entice the customers to carry out transactions . For example, SMS alerts for bill payment may tempt you to pay the bill through the phone itself.



Banks are also trying to allay customers' fears of data leakage. Each transaction requires multiple PINs or a one-time password (OTP) to ensure it is secure. There are also plans to launch other services under mobile banking to make it more appealing , such as ING Vysya's plans to include wealth management and loan services . "This will allow a client to use his banking app as a gateway for banking, shopping, stock market information and travel," explains Panda.



How to access the wallet in your phone

To register for mobile banking services, you will need... An account with the concerned bank or telecom company. You should be registered forNet banking in case of a bank. A Java-enabled handset for mobile banking, but an ordinary phone will do for Airtel Money. An active GPRS connection in case of mobile banking so that you can access the Net. To download the mobile banking application.



How to transfer funds

Log in to the bank's app menu and input the mobile phone number or bank account number of the beneficiary. Message the PIN you receive from the bank to the beneficiary who will also receive a secret number. He will have to log in both PINs at the ATM to withdraw the money. If the funds are being transferred to a bank account, it will take about four working days.



Is it popular?

While online banking has picked up pace, mobile banking remains subdued. One reason is that when a new technology comes into the market, it takes time for people to familiarise themselves with it, which is why the growth is slow. "Another reason is that the small screen of a mobile phone hampers the usage for transactions," says Ritesh Saxena, head (personal accounts and direct banking ), IndusInd Bank. Moreover , the generation that is hooked on to its mobile phones rarely indulges in banking activities. "However, since the youth prefer phones to PCs, mobile banking will be the preferred channel in the future," adds Saxena.



Phone technology is another problem area as there are different platforms of mobile banking for different phones. However, the advent of smartphones has definitely spelt good news for the mobile banking segment. Says Sharad Mohan, chief operating officer, global consumer bank, Citibank India: "After the launch of Citi Mobile on smartphones we have witnessed a 30% growth in new users."

Source - Times Of India via http://allcgnews.blogspot.in/,sapost,dheeru24k

MODEL QUESTIONS FOR IPO & PM GRADE 1 EXAM ( Q 51-75 )

51.       Transcription centre is a cell established in
            a)         All administrative offices                b)         All HOs          c)         All ROs                      d)         A sorting mail office situated at HQ of the circle or at any convenient sorting
                        office in the circle.                                                                                       Ans: d(12)
52.       The number of office exchange established by the dept of posts
            a)         5                                                          b)         4
            c)         6                                                          d)         3                                              Ans: b(13)
53.       The unit bag office will send its daily bag balance report to
            a)         The local HO                                     b)         The SPOs office
            c)         The SRM office                                d)         The district bag office          Ans:d(18a)
54.       The DBO is inspected by
            a)         The SRM                                           b)         The HRO
            c)         The SPOs                                          d)         The circle Bag office           Ans: d(18a)


55.       Each set of section will have
            a)         Different working hours                  b)         Different establishment                              c)            Different mail arrangements
            d)       Same working hours,same establishment and same mail arrangement 
Ans: d(21a)
56.       When there are no air articles for an airmail bag prescribed
            a)         A suitable remarks should be made in the delivery bill concerned
            b)         A bag with ‘Nil’ contents is to be closed
            c)         It is enough if a remark is made in the office record
            d)         None of the above                                                                                       Ans: a(28a)
57.       Mark correct option
a)         When the airmail bag contain less than 50 articles and there is no insured article            or air parcel an airmail cover of suitable size should be used instead of a bag
            b)         When an air parcel is sent inside of airmail bag  the label should bear “CAP”
            c)         The weight of airmail bag or TB should not exceed 30 KG weight.
            d)         Separate ins letter bag closed when more than 10 ins article for any office.
            e)         All the above                                                                                                 Ans: e
58.       When an insured letter bag is prescribed as a due bag it should be
            a)         Dispatched inside the regd bag with remarks in the regd list.
            b)         Sent loose duly advised in the mail list
            c)         Sent duly included in the mail bag closed
            d)         Closed as a separate D bag                                                                       Ans: a(29)
59.       Mark the correct option
a)         Changing station is a Railway station is where the beats of two transit sections join and where the mails brought by one of them are handed over to the other
b)         A connecting station is an RMS section working in a train in immediate connection with another train in which another RMS section works
c)         Regn of newspaper, renewal or canceling any registration will be issued by Head of the department
d)         All the above                                                                                                 Ans: d
60.       The copies of the newspaper without prepayment will be handed over to window along with an invoice which should be
            a)         In triplicate                                         b)         In duplicate
            c)         In quadruplicate                               d          Single copy                           Ans: b(58a)
61.       The minimum limit  fixed for posting Regd. News paper without prepayment at a time for foreign destination is
            a)         500                                                     b)         200
            c)         100                                                     d)         100                                         Ans:d(58a)
62.       On checking the entries in the invoice (tendered along with the Regd. News paper without prepayment ) if there by any discrepancy noticed.
            a)         The posting should be refused     b)         The PM can use his discretion
            c)         The o/o posting should make the requisite correction under the initial of the HO
            d)         None of these                                                                                          Ans: c(58A)
63.       The payment due in connection with posting of Regd News paper without prepayment is to be made
            a)         Quarterly                                            b)         Monthly
            c)         Weekly                                               d)         fortnightly                              Ans:d(58a)
64.       The posting of the Regd. Newspaper without prepayment should be stopped and license deemed to be cancelled in the event of non payment of a bill
            a)         Within one week following the fortnight to which the bill relates.
            b)         Within one month following the fortnight to which the bill relates.
            c)         Within fortnight following the fortnight to which the bill relates.
            d)         None of these                                                                                         Ans: c(58A)
65.       Machine franked article can be posted not more than
            a)         Three offices                                                 b)         Two offices
            c)         only one office                                             d)         None of these           Ans b(58b)
66.       At the office of posting the officer responsible for seeing that the article have been franked in the prescribed manner and that systematic under payment is not going on is
            a)         The Inspector posts                                     b)         The counter PA
            c)         The Postmaster                                            dhis report to the divisional Head
            c)         The PRI(P) to send hi dairy tly docket in the prescribed form is used by
a)         The licensee along with his last posting of franked article at the prescribed office
            b)         The supervisor of a mail office to submit his report to the divisional Head
            c)         The PRI(P) to send hi dairy to the SPOs
            d)         None of these                                                                                               Ans: a(58b)
68.       Whenever, owing to the unusual bulk mail for an office extra transit bags are closed
            a)         The word ‘extra bag’ should be written on the label
            b)         The number of extra transit bags closed should be entered in the mail list
            c)         Each extra transit bag closed should contain its separate mail list showing the    particulars of bags enclosed
            d)         All the above                                                                                                 Ans:d (78)
69.       Mark correct option
            a)         The resetting of the credit meter of the franking machine will be done at the PO
            b)         Cut out labels with frank impression on them for prepayment of postage cannot   be used for insured articles
            c)         The 2nd class articles treated as 1st class mail in sorting are Greetins/ Regd             Newspapers/ Wedding invitations
            d)         The duty of taxing postage on foreign articles rest entirely with the office of           foreign exchange of the country of posting
            e)         All the above                                                                                                 Ans: e)
70.       When a cash bag enclosed in a Regd. Bag is forwarded in a mail bag the symble                 to be written on label of the mail bag is
            a)         Cash bag                                           b)         F
            c)         C                                                         d)         A/C                                         Ans b(73)
71.       Mark correct option
            a)         Incharge of Head post office is Head  Post Master
            b)         Incharge of Sub post office is Sub Post Master
            c)         Incharge of Branch post office is Branch post master
            d)         Incharge of transit mail office is Mail agent/mail guard
            e)         All the above                                                                                                 Ans; e)
72.       Sub office is authorized to receive
            a)         Articles all kinds in sorting             b)         Fully pre-paid articles
            c)         Regd articles                                     d)         None of these                       Ans: a(11)
73.       Pre mailing activities are done at
            a)         Business Post centre                      b)         Press sorting office
            c)         Head post office                               d)         None of these                       Ans: b(15b)
74.       The head office is the main office of account
            a)         For itself                                             b)         For all SO kept under it
            c)         For all BO kept under it                   d)         All the above                         Ans: d(5)
75.       The post office seal for sealing the franking machine must be kept
            a)         In the personnel custody of  the PRI(P)
            b)         In the personnel custody of the Postmaster
            c)         In the Divisional office
            d)         None of these                                                                                               Ans:b(58c)
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(Prepared by AB Kantharaja  Kodagu Dn, Karnataka, presently serving in APS

Aakash II to be launched in the month of May

NEW DELHI: Communications Minister Kapil Sibal on Tuesday said many foreign companies have shown interest in manufacturing the second version of the low-cost tablet Aakash 2 in India. 

"We have invited companies from across the world parametersfor manufacturing and many are ready to manufacture it here," Sibal told reporters on the sidelines of the inauguration of World IT Forum 2012. 


"Currently we are looking at the 
design and other parameters. After we freeze the design and technology, manufacturing will take place. The second version of Aakash will be launched in May," he added. 

The new tablet would have a better 3200m AH battery with a three-hour backup, a 700 MHz Cortex A8 processor and a capacitive touch screen which would get over the earlier issues observed in the tablets, Sibal had said earlier. 

The announcement comes even as Canadian firm Datawind, which has been manufacturing Aakash, got into a spat with the Hyderabad-based assembler of the tablet, Quad Electronics, in the last few months. 

Quad has reportedly alleged that it has not got its payments for the initial order of assembling 20,000 tablets. 

Datawind 
on the other hand said that Quad breached Datawind'sintellectual property, circumvented their relationship with IIT-Rajasthan, signed an agreement with them and then sold off their inventory in the open market. 

Aakash 2 is expected to have three times more powerful processor and the resistive touch screen of the older version will be changed to capacitive touch screen. The device which was earlier expected to be launched in April will also become expensive compared to the earlier version which was priced at $35. 

Talking about empowering the masses with 3G and 4G services, Sibal said these services would have limited access to the masses unless the government ensures that the cost of these devices go down. 

"We must develop manufacturing in India," he said while inaugurating the two day forum which will focus on use of ICT in agriculture, education, health and e-Governance, within the overall theme of 'ICT for Sustainable Human Development'. 

The forum will discuss the role of IT interventions in bringing about greater transparency in governance, issues of privacy and security while dealing with public databases, financial inclusion and ways of leveraging wireless technologies. 


Source : 
TOI

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